Energy Sector


Ongoing Projects


Completed Projects



Energy is one of the four major drivers of economic growth in Pakistan, others being agriculture, small and medium enterprises and information technology. Development without energy is unthinkable in the modern-day world as it is an important pre-requisite to keep the economic wheel moving.

At NESPAK, the Energy Sector is handled with a sense of urgency keeping in view the current energy crisis and to bolster development of the sector for meeting long-term needs in the country.

NESPAK is the front-runner on the national scene in rendering top class engineering consultancy services in the Energy Sector. It has been in the vanguard of the energy development efforts and has been associated with most of the public and private sector projects in Pakistan since its inception in 1973.

To date, NESPAK has acquired a total of 498 projects in Pakistan and foreign countries, costing Rs. 7,986 billion. As many as 457 projects have been completed while the number of active projects stands at 41.

The Company clinched a total of 45 projects costing US$ 18 billion in the Energy Sector in Bahrain, Gabon, Benin, ECO States, Gambia, Iran, Nepal, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan. As many as 43 projects have been completed while two projects are in progress. Major energy projects undertaken by NESPAK abroad included Rabigh Power Plant Extension Project Unit Nos. 22-49, Riyadh Power Plant No. 10, Shoaiba Power Plant Project and Jeddah Power Plant, Saudi Arabia and Donga Hydroelectric Project, Benin and Sustainable Hydropower Project, Uzbekistan. NESPAK has also carried out a feasibility study in association with the SNC-Lavalin of Canada, for the National Power Expansion Plan awarded by the Government of Pakistan. The programme encompasses complete power planning up to the year 2030. The Company made recommendations to increase the electricity generation, thus ending power outages in the country

In the Energy Sector, NESPAK offers engineering services in the following fields:.

Planning and System Studies.

  • Hydropower
  • Thermal Power
  • Nuclear Power
  • Transmission
  • Substations
  • Distribution and Rural Electrification
  • SCADA and Telecommunications
  • Mechanical

Scope of Services


Project identification and definition; load forecasting; least cost generation, transmission and distribution system planning; interconnection of power systems; demand side management; financial and economic analysis.


Reconnaissance; pre-feasibility; feasibility; economic and financial analysis; tariff analysis; socio-economic and environmental impact assessment; project siting and resettlement plans; project options and optimisation; load flow, short circuit and transient stability studies; electromagnetic transient studies; probalistic production cost simulations; cost of service analysis; restructuring and corporatization of government owned utilities; rehabilitation, refurbishment and upgradation of projects; development of short and long term policies for attracting private investment in energy and infrastructure projects; evaluation and due diligence of plants and assets.


Preliminary and detailed design; drawings and specifications; cost estimates and budgetary forecasts; design review and approval of shop drawings; testing, commissioning, operation and maintenance procedures; equipment selection; quality assurance and control.

Contract Packaging

Supply and supervise contracts; supply, install and commission contracts; turnkey contracts; contractor financed contracts; engineering procurement and construction management contracts; build, own and operate (BOO) contracts; build, operate and transfer (BOT) contracts; build, lease and transfer (BLT) contracts; operation and maintenance (O&M) contracts.


BIDDING DOCUMENTS & EVALUATION REPORTS for procurement within the framework of guidelines issued by financing agencies like World Bank, Asian Development Bank, JBIC, KfW, Islamic Development Bank and Kuwait Fund. Pre-qualification documents; BIDDING DOCUMENTS & EVALUATION REPORTS for engineering, procurement and construction & turnkey contracts; invitation and evaluation of bids; negotiations and award of contracts; shop inspection & testing.

Project Management

Planning, scheduling and budgetary control of project implementation; coordination and monitoring of costs, resources, schedules and progress; review and approval of construction methods, machinery and resource allocation; control of project documents, security and safety requirements; review and approval of codes and standards; preparation and update of project master schedule; progress reviews and expediting reports; certification of plant performance and commencement of commercial operation; review and approval of operation and maintenance manuals, project completion reports and as built drawings; training of O&M staff; quality assurance and control.

Independent Engineer

In the role of independent engineer, NESPAK provides pre-financial closure equity investor support; due diligence involving review of project design, cost and scheduling; due diligence in the implementation and operation phases; asset valuation and assessment.


Since 1973, NESPAK has worked in Pakistan and 17 other countries on various projects in the Energy Sector. The depth of experience acquired in this Sector is summarized below :

Planning and System Studies

Planning and interconnection studies for hydel and thermal powerplants. System studies for EHV transmission networks of WAPDA and KESC.


Low, medium and high head power stations, with individual plant capacity varying from less than a MW to 3,600 MW, having a total capacity of over 18,000 MW.

Thermal Power

A total capacity of 13,500 MW using combined cycle, conventional steam turbine, diesel engine or gas turbine technology with plant size ranging from 4.8 MW to 1,800 MW.

Nuclear Power

A total of 32 assignments related to nuclear power projects involving project planning, detailed engineering and construction supervision services.

HV/EHV Transmission Lines

Planning, engineering and supervising services for a cumulative length of 6,200 km of HV/EHV transmission lines for voltages ranging from 110 kV to 500 kV.


Planning, engineering and supervising services for HV/EHV substations ranging from 66 kV to 500 kV having cumulative transformation capacity of 18,000 MVA. The projects included conventional outdoor and GIS installations.

Distribution and Rural Electrification

Electrification of 1,800 villages and computerised mapping of 60,000 km of 11 kV power distribution feeders.

SCADA and Telecommunication

A total of 12 load despatch centres for power utilities involving energy management functions and state-of-the-art computer hardware supported by telecommunication system comprising microwave, fiber optic and power line carrier systems.

Mechanical and HVAC

Planning, design and construction supervision of large water, oil and gas transmission networks; and HVAC works of multistoreyed commercial & public utility buildings and hospitals.